August 6, 2008
CBO released the Monthly Budget Review today. CBO estimates that for the first 10 months of fiscal year 2008, the federal budget deficit was about $371 billion---$213 billion more than the deficit recorded over the same period in 2007. While revenues were about 1 percent lower than in the same period last year, outlays over the same period have grown by almost 9 percent. CBO estimates that the federal budget deficit for fiscal year 2008 will be in the vicinity of $400 billion, close to the amount we projected last March after accounting for proposed supplemental appropriations.
CBO estimates that a deficit of $102 billion was recorded for ythe month of July, about $65 billion more than recorded in July 2007; approximately $14 billion of that increase was due to rebate payments resulting from the Economic Stimulus Act of 2008. Receipts were about $5 billion lower than those in July 2007; without the rebates, receipts would have been up by 2 percent. Outlays in July were $61 billion higher than in the same month last year; about $21 billion of that difference was the result of calendar-related shifts in the timing of certain payments. Another major factor contributing to the increase was the $15 billion disbursed in July 2008 by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) to cover insured deposits at failed financial institutions; much of that cost should be recovered in the future as the FDIC liquidates the assets held by those institutions and collects higher insurance premiums.