CBO analyzes proposed policies for limiting damage resulting from pollution that affects the atmosphere, land, and water resources. Of particular concern to many policymakers are the increasingly large quantities of greenhouse gases, especially carbon dioxide, that are being emitted as a result of human activities, and CBO has studied a range of policies for reducing such emissions.
Climate and Environment
Jun 2014 - Using the rising amounts of renewable transportation fuels required by the Renewable Fuel Standard will be difficult. CBO looks at how those requirements and alternatives would affect fuel and food prices and greenhouse gas emissions.
Dec 2013 – A carbon tax or cap-and-trade program could make emission-intensive U.S. products less competitive and increase emissions overseas. Import tariffs related to emissions could reduce those effects but would be hard to implement.
May 2013 - A carbon tax’s effect on the economy depends on how lawmakers would use revenues generated by the tax. The tax would help reduce U.S. emissions but would have only a modest effect on the Earth’s climate without a worldwide effort.
Sep 2012 - CBO’s report assesses how the credits affect the relative cost of owning an electric vehicle, and how cost-effectively the credits reduce gasoline consumption and greenhouse gas emissions.
June 2012 - Capturing and storing carbon dioxide is a much-discussed option for reducing the nation’s greenhouse gas emissions while preserving its ability to produce electricity at coal-fired power plants.
- ReportJune 26, 2014
- Cost EstimateJune 20, 2014
- Cost EstimateJune 5, 2014
- Cost EstimateMay 30, 2014
- Cost EstimateMay 29, 2014
- Cost EstimateMay 23, 2014
- Cost EstimateMay 19, 2014
- Cost EstimateMay 2, 2014
Use this menu to filter CBO's publications by topic. From January 2011 forward, all the agency's products are categorized by topic. Cost estimates released prior to the 112th Congress are not categorized by topic.