CBO’s analyses of the health care legislation considered during the 111th Congress began in early 2009 and continued past the enactment of the Affordable Care Act (which consists of P.L. 111-148 as amended by P.L. 111-152) in March 2010. The agency’s work on the act covers a wide range of topics, some related to specific legislative proposals and some with a broader perspective.
Affordable Care Act
Jun 2014 - Under the ACA, most legal residents must get health insurance or pay a penalty. CBO and JCT estimate that 30 million will be uninsured in 2016, but most will be exempt from the penalty; 4 million will make payments totaling $4 billion.
Updated Estimates of the Effects of the Insurance Coverage Provisions of the Affordable Care Act, April 2014
Apr 2014 - CBO and JCT have lowered their estimates of the net federal cost of the ACA’s insurance coverage provisions—to $1.4 trillion over the next decade, about $100 billion less than estimated in February.
Apr 2014 - The deficit will decrease to $492 billion in 2014, CBO projects. But under current law, deficits will begin rising again in 2016—and by 2024, debt will reach 78 percent of GDP, twice the average of the past 40 years.
Feb 2014 - Under current law, deficits will drop through 2015 but rise thereafter, boosting the already high federal debt, CBO projects. Economic growth will be solid in the near term, but unemployment will not drop below 6.0 percent until 2017.
Dec 2013 - Most of the 16 options that CBO examined would either decrease federal spending on health programs or increase revenues (or equivalently, reduce tax expenditures) as a result of changes in tax provisions related to health care.
Sep 2013 - Federal debt would grow to 100 percent of GDP by 2038 under current law, CBO projects, and would be on an upward path relative to the size of the economy—a trend that could not be sustained indefinitely.
- PresentationJune 23, 2014
- Blog PostJune 17, 2014
- PresentationJune 9, 2014
- ReportJune 5, 2014
Estimated Effects on Direct Spending and Revenues for Health Care Programs of Proposals in the President's 2015 BudgetData or Technical InformationApril 17, 2014
Updated Estimates of the Effects of the Insurance Coverage Provisions of the Affordable Care Act, April 2014ReportApril 14, 2014
- Data or Technical InformationApril 14, 2014
- Cost EstimateMarch 24, 2014
Use this menu to filter CBO's publications by topic. From January 2011 forward, all the agency's products are categorized by topic. Cost estimates released prior to the 112th Congress are not categorized by topic.