Of the 40 million foreign-born people living in the United States in 2011, about 22 million were not citizens. About half of those noncitizens were authorized to be in the United States either temporarily or permanently; the remainder, about 11.5 million people, were in the country without authorization, a number that has changed little over the past few years. Noncitizens tend to differ from both foreign- and native-born citizens in several ways, especially in terms of their skills and employment status, which can have important effects on government revenues and spending. CBO analyzes trends in immigration and policy proposals that would affect immigration.
Jul 2013 - Cost estimate for the bill as passed by the Senate on June 27, 2013.
Jun 2013 - Cost estimate for the bill as reported by the Senate Committee on the Judiciary on May 28, 2013, including the amendments made in the star print of June 6, 2013.
The Economic Impact of S. 744, the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act
Jun 2013 - S. 744 would boost economic output—CBO projects—by 3.3 percent in 2023 and by 5.4 percent in 2033. Employment, investment, and productivity would increase, but average wages would be less than under current law until 2025.
May 2013 - About 40 million foreign-born people now live in the United States, accounting for about 13 percent of the total population.
Dec 2010 - This document presents data through 2009 on permanent and temporary admissions of foreign nationals to the United States, the number and types of visas issued, the naturalization of residents, and enforcement of immigration laws.
Jul 2010 - This document focuses on the growing number of foreign-born workers, the countries from which they have come, their educational attainment, the types of jobs they hold, and their earnings.
- Cost EstimateJune 6, 2014
- Cost EstimateMay 13, 2014
- Cost EstimateMay 2, 2014
H.R. 2131, Supplying Knowledge-based Immigrants and Lifting Levels of STEM Visas Act (SKILLS Visa Act)Cost EstimateMarch 12, 2014
- Blog PostMarch 11, 2014
- Blog PostSeptember 30, 2013
- PresentationSeptember 27, 2013
- ReportJuly 25, 2013
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