The federal government sometimes imposes mandates, which are defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA) as requirements imposed on state, local, or tribal governments or on entities in the private sector that are not conditions of aid or tied to participation in voluntary federal programs. CBO identifies such mandates in bills that are approved by authorizing committees (and, when requested, for other legislation) and provides an estimate of the costs of the mandates.
Mar 2013 - Of the 428 bills CBO reviewed in 2012, 68 contained intergovernmental mandates and 80 contained private-sector mandates. Of the 202 public laws enacted, 16 contain intergovernmental mandates and 23 contain private-sector mandates.
Jan 2013 - CBO analyzes legislation and enacted laws to identify private-sector mandates, which are enforceable duties imposed on entities in the private sector. About 12 percent of the laws enacted between 2001 and 2011 impose such mandates.
Mar 2012 - CBO examines each bill approved by authorizing committees for mandates, which are requirements imposed on state, local, and tribal governments or on entities in the private sector.
Jul 2009 - UMRA took effect in 1996; since then the Congress has enacted few federal mandates, as defined in the law, that
have imposed significant costs on state and local governments.
- reportMarch 29, 2013
- reportJanuary 15, 2013
- blog postMarch 30, 2012
- reportMarch 30, 2012
- reportOctober 31, 2011
- reportJune 21, 2011
Brief Comparison of Cost Estimates for Mandates as Prepared by CBO and by Federal Agencies for Selected Regulatory RulesreportMay 20, 2011
- reportMarch 31, 2011
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