The federal government provides funding for a wide range of activities related to science and research and development (R&D); federal policies also affect the private sector's incentives to engage in those activities. CBO's work addresses science and R&D in energy, pharmaceuticals, space and ocean exploration, weapon development, climate change, and more.
Science and Research and Development
Dec 2013 - In 2012, the federal government spent $531 billion on investment—for physical capital; research and development; and education and training—which represented 15 percent of federal spending and 3 percent of GDP.
Sep 2012 - CBO’s report assesses how the credits affect the relative cost of owning an electric vehicle, and how cost-effectively the credits reduce gasoline consumption and greenhouse gas emissions.
June 2012 - Capturing and storing carbon dioxide is a much-discussed option for reducing the nation’s greenhouse gas emissions while preserving its ability to produce electricity at coal-fired power plants.
Mar 2012 - The federal government has provided various types of financial support for the development and production of fuels and energy technologies in recent decades. That
support totaled $24 billion in 2011.
- Cost EstimateSeptember 16, 2014
- Blog PostJune 20, 2014
- Cost EstimateJune 6, 2014
- Cost EstimateMay 15, 2014
S. 2140, a bill to improve the transition between experimental permits and commercial licenses for commercial reusable launch vehiclesCost EstimateApril 29, 2014
- Cost EstimateMarch 27, 2014
- Cost EstimateMarch 6, 2014
- Cost EstimateFebruary 18, 2014
Use this menu to filter CBO's publications by topic. From January 2011 forward, all the agency's products are categorized by topic. Cost estimates released prior to the 112th Congress are not categorized by topic.